No one has yet found a recipe that works against the far-right parties

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Let them rule and take responsibility and they will soon be gone.

This is what the recipe usually looks like when far-right parties gain influence in government in Europe.

The truth is that they only disappear in exceptional cases, even if they are forced to clash with force.

to me Swedish Democrats It is now the second largest party in Sweden and has been shocked in many ways Europe. The old image of safe haven Sweden is hard to erase from people’s consciousness, even when Sweden is at the forefront of the number of shootings.

Just as in the rest of Europe, other parties have tried a number of different tactics to prevent the growth of far-right parties. It started ignoring them, and continued the discussion. Then comes a period of ostracism.

But when none of this works, the day will come when one of the established parties realizes they can use the far right to gain power.

In Sweden, it took an unusually long time. In most European countries, far-right parties have been in government or have served as support parties for the past 20 years.

Sweden Democrats leader Jimmy Oxon during the party's vigil at the Elite Hotel Marina Tower in Nacka on Sunday evening
Sweden Democrats leader Jimmy Oxon during the party’s vigil at the Elite Hotel Marina Tower in Nacka on Sunday evening

Then another mantra became that if extremist parties are allowed to participate in the government, their inefficiency and lack of practical solutions to difficult social problems will shine in such a way that people will abandon them in the upcoming elections.

One example is the Austrian Freedom Party, which in the 1999 elections received 27 percent of the vote. The conservative ÖVP chose to form a coalition government with the FPÖ. In the elections held three years later, the FPÖ reached only ten percent.

Undo – do not collapse

But this does not mean that the party has disappeared. In 2017, they returned to government after receiving 26 percent in the elections.
Temporary decline, not collapse.

The anti-immigration Danish People’s Party acted as a supportive pair for bourgeois governments in 2001-2011. Strong austerity measures were passed into immigration policy. In 2015-2019, it was the second largest party in Denmark and a role model for the SD party.

But the party has since collapsed. This is partly because Popular Party leader Pia Kjeersgaard left the post and partly because of various scandals. If it is today’s election, it is doubtful that the party will pass the Riksdag.

But other parties have embraced the immigration issue and are pushing in a more hardline direction. So in practice, DF voters seem to have just switched to other extremist parties.

The far right came in Italy Rest to power in 2019. Leader Matteo Salvini has emerged very popular. But then, cooperation with another populist party, the Five Star Movement, collapsed.

Giorgia Meloni, leader of the far-right Italian Brotherhood party.
Giorgia Meloni, leader of the far-right Italian Brotherhood party.

When Italy goes to the polls at the end of this month, it looks like Lega will only have 10 percent. Instead, Italian voters have a new favorite in Giorgia Meloni, the leader of the Italian far-right Brotherhood, which has its roots in the neo-fascist movement. It is expected to receive 25 per cent and will form a government with Salvini Lega, among others, which appears ready to return to power.

internal conflicts

In Norway, the right-wing Populist Progress Party was in government from 2013 to 2020. In the 2021 elections, they slipped a few percentage points, but it was not about any race. They may end up in a new right-wing government in the future.

Rather than power itself, internal division seems to be the biggest threat when far-right parties get a chance to seize power.

The Real Finns seemed like the archetypal example of a far-right party that achieved rapid success and then vanished from the sidelines. They received just over 17 percent in the 2015 elections and entered government. But he suffered internal strife and split into two parts.

But in the 2019 elections, the real Finns made a comeback and became the second largest party.

Marine Le Pen.
Marine Le Pen.

Party leaders often play a larger role in far-right parties. What would the Dutch PVV have been without? Geert Wilders Or the French National Assembly without Marine Le Pen. Or for that matter, Sweden Democrats without Jimmy Okeson. Charismatic leaders who have the ability to communicate directly with voters play a large role in the success of far-right parties, along with the inability of traditional parties to solve important problems.

adapt

The typical example is Briton Nigel Farage, who led the critical EU-critical Ukip party and is practically the person who forced a Brexit referendum. When the Brexiteers won the referendum, Farage resigned and the party more or less disappeared.

Farage is a typical example of another very visible trend in European politics. For a long time, far-right parties exercised great influence over established parties, which adapted their policies to prevent voters from fleeing to extremist parties.

Nigel Farage.
Nigel Farage.

Even in countries like France and Germany, where neither the National Assembly nor the AfD reached government positions or acted as a supporting party, they pushed established parties to the right on issues such as immigration and the fight against crime.

At the same time, the extremist parties have adapted, among other things, by reducing opposition to the European Union and a tougher tone towards Russia. They’re trying to get cleaner by cutting out actors who are outspoken with controversial opinions.

The far right does not even need access to government power to influence.

But if they end up there, there’s not much to say about a crash coming.

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